Usually causing one or more patches of hair loss, alopecia areata is a hair-loss condition which normally affects your scalp. It starts with a few hairs left behind on your pillow, in your hairbrush, on the drain in the shower, or in the sink, but hair loss in women can start without you even recognizing it. The causes can be aging, certain genetic influences, or hormonal changes, and according to our dermatologist in Queens, and the University of Maryland Medical Center, alopecia, involves a certain pattern of hair loss. This condition usually causes hair to thin rather than creating bald spots. The FDA has approved topical hair growth stimulants, Minoxidil and Rogaine, as good treatment options. These over-the-counter products are 2% liquid or foam concentration and applied directly to your scalp twice a day.
For most of the patients seen by our dermatologist in Queens, the condition resolves without treatment within one year, but hair loss is sometimes permanent. Alopecia areata affects both genders, and is an autoimmune disorder, in which the immune system attacks hair follicles. Charles C. Kleinberg, MD will explain that, for most patients, a number of treatments have been known to help in hair regrowth. Depending on the patient, multiple treatments may be necessary, and not every treatment works for all patients.
Basically, alopecia areata is an acquired skin disease that can affect all your hair-bearing skin. Alopecia areata is rarely associated with any other internal or external medical problems and usually, these areas regrow their hair spontaneously. This condition is rare before the age of 3 years and is often hereditary. Current research suggests that alopecia areata is caused by an abnormality in your immune system that leads to autoimmunity, a misguided immune system that tends to attack its own body. This results in the immune system attacking certain tissues of your body. For unknown reasons, with alopecia areata, our body’s own immune system attacks the hair follicles and disrupts the normal formation of hair. Alopecia areata is occasionally associated with other autoimmune conditions, such as thyroid disease, lupus, vitiligo, rheumatoid arthritis, and ulcerative colitis. According to statistics, and our dermatologist in Queens, the diagnosis, or treatment, of these diseases is not likely to affect the course of alopecia areata.